According to President Barack Obama, work permits are now available for eligible undocumented students. These permits, however, do not necessarily gaurantee them any rights. In Arizona, and recenly in North Carolina, the state governments have decided that these permits are not valid to apply for Driver's Licenses regardless of what any leaders say.
Beginning in 2013, the spouses and children of US citizens may petition their undocumented family member and, once a pardon is obtained, the undocumented person will need to return to his or her country of origin but for a minimal amount of time.
And then there is also the U-Visa for people that can prove, along with the oficial signature of a peace officer, that they were the victims of domestic violence, hate crimes or any other violent incident against their person. This process is often difficult because the person needs to prove that he or she reported the incident to the police and fully cooperated in the official investigation. Aside from complicated and difficult to prove, this process is often also emotionally unjust in that many wounds must be constantly reopened.
What is alarming are the doubts that are now running through the minds of all those undocumented persons that don't currently qualify for these permits or visas. A NC organizer recently said that an immigration reform is not the best option; we can cover greater sectors of the undocumented community during a shorter period of time with local and state reforms than we can with a national and federal reform. Either way, what we need is a reform where people can prove that they have contributed to our society in some way or another, where they are not forced to leave the country for extended periods of time, and where the migratory status of a person is not left in ambiguos territory.